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Guru

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Moon God- Allah
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Was Allah The Moon God of Ancient Arab Pagan?

 

By Syed Kamran Mirza

 

Historical evidences, impartial logic, well versed references and all available circumstantial judgments can very well prove that—(a) Allah name of deity was pre-existed much before the arrival of Islam, (b) Pre-Islamic Pagan peoples worshipped Allah as their supreme deity (moon-god). Allah’s name existed in pre-Islamic Arab. In ancient Arab the Allah was considered to be the supreme God/deity (as Moon-God) and Arab Pagans worshipped Allah before Islam arrived. 

 

 Let us examine below some valid questions and answers :

Did the Pagan Arabs in pre-Islamic times worship 360 gods? Yes

Did the pagans Arabs worship the sun, moon and the stars? Yes

Did the Arabs built temples to the Moon-god? Yes

Did different Arab tribes give the Moon-god different names/titles? Yes

What were some of the names/titles? Sin, Hubul, Ilumquh, Al-ilah.

Was the title “al-ilah” (the god) used as the Moon-god? Yes

Was the word “Allah” derived from “al-ilah?” Yes

Was the pagan “Allah” a high god in a pantheon of deities? Yes.

Was he worshipped at the Kabah? Yes.

Was Allah only one of many Meccan gods? Yes

Did they place a statue of Hubul on top of the Kabah? Yes.

At that time was Hubul considered the Moon-god? Yes.

Was the Kabah thus the “house of the Moon-god”? Yes.

Did the name “Allah” eventually replace that of Hubul as the name of the Moon god? Yes.

Did they call the Kabah the “house of Allah”?  Yes.

Were al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat called “the daughters of Allah”? Yes.

Yusuf Ali explains in fn. 5096, pg. 1445, that Lat, Uzza and Manat were known as “the daughters of God [Allah]”

Did the Qur’an at one point tell Muslims to worship al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat? Yes. In Surah 53:19-20.

Have those verses been “abrogated” out of the present Qur’an? Yes.

What were they called? “The Satanic Verses.”

 

The variable names (Sin, Hubul, llumquh, Al-ilah) of moon god were used by various tribes of pagan Arabs. Pagan god SIN was the name of Moon-god.

 

 

Who is actually Allah?

 

According to Islamic Theologians (Mullahs, Maulana, Moulavis, etc.), or Islamic teachings-- Allah is the supreme God or creator who (suddenly one day?) talked or introduced Himself with Prophet Muhammad through an Angel named Gabriel, disclosing the truth that it is the Allah who created everything in the universe. Surprisingly, Qur’an never defines the word “Allah” as to who actually Allah was or what was the relation of Allah with pagans.  I believe, 99% percent of Muslims do believe that—Allah’s name was invented or started right from the time when Gabriel disclosed the truth (?) to Prophet Muhammad in the cave of Hira Parvat (Mountain) and gave Muhammad the Quran. They believe that before this truth was revealed—pagan Arabs were in the total darkness (Andhakar Zuug) and they used to worship various puppet goddess and that the pagans were very evil people.  I can bet on this fact that no mullahs ever told us the real truth, neither they believe this clean truth that “Allah” was in fact a pre-existing deity in pagan Arabia. What a hypocrisy?

 

Some important factors which will suggest that the name“Allah” was already in use by Pagans as their chief God/deity:

 

(A) In pre-Islamic days, that Muslims call the Days of ignorance, the religious background of the Arabs was pagan, and basically animistic.  Through Moon, Sun, Stars, Planets, Animals, wells, trees, stones, caves, springs, and other natural objects man could make contact with the deity. At Mekka, “Allah” was the chief of the gods and the special deity of the Quraish, the prophet’s tribe. Allah had three daughters: Al Uzzah (Venus) most revered of all and pleased with human sacrifice; Manah, the goddess of destiny, and Al Lat, the goddess of vegetable life.  These three daughters of Allah (there is a Quranic verse about them) were considered very powerful over all things. Therefore, their intercessions on behalf of their worshippers were of great significance.                                             

(B) Arabs used to give their children names such as—Abdullah (slave of Allah). Clean proof was the fact that, Muhammad’s father’s name was “Abdullah”. Logical analogy here is—had there been no “Allah” in pre-Islamic Arab, there could be no Abdullah or slave of Allah in Arabia.

(C) Even today, in the entire Arab World, not only Muslims but all other non-Muslim    (Jews, Christians, Sabians, Bahai, an atheist etc.) Arabs says—“Ya Allah” as the expression of surprise or unhappiness/sorrow.

(D). Albert Hourani’s statement: “The Islamic name used for God was “Allah”, which was already in use for one of the local Gods (it now used by Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians as the name of God (A history Of Arab people by Albert Hourani, 1991, page-16, Belknap press of Harvard University, USA)

 

History tells us two theories of Allah’s existence in and around the Kaba Sharif: (1)   Pagans used to call the largest Statue amongst the 360 deities as ALLAH—whom they used to consider the chief/supreme deity (god). Or, (2) Pagan Arabs used to worship 360 deities inside Kaba Sharif, and they used to consider them different smaller deities under the total control of a single most powerful chief deity called “ALLAH” who was invisible (Nirakar) and was the all-powerful, all-knowing, and totally unknowable.

 

Amazing Similarities with Hindu Religion:

 

In India’s Hindu religion is quite similar to the number two theory (above) of pagan belief. Although, Hindus worship many different Goddesses—they invariably have faith upon a single supreme invisible deity called “Bhagaban” (some call it “Ischhaar”) whom they call “Nirakar”. And, surprisingly there is no sculptural image/figure for this Bhagaban. But all Hindus worship Him along with other numerous deities. This Bhagaban is considered as the lord of all other deities.  What would happen—if some intelligent prophet would have asked Hindus to give up worshipping other goddesses and keeping only Bhagaban as their only deity making it a monotheist religion just like Islam? Could it not be another religion like Islam?

 

Now some factors which will suggest “Allah” was the Moon-god of Arab pagans:

 

(A)   In Qura’n there are at least a dozen verses in which Allah repeatedly swears by the names such as moon, sun, stars, planets, night, wind etc. It is a mystery why the creator Allah (?) should swear by his creations.  Normally, we swear by the name of something much superior to us, such as we swear by God or by the name of our father (who is considered senior or superior to us). But we never swear by the name of something inferior to us. Here in the Quran swearing fashions of Allah (God) by moon or stars hinting us that Allah considered these things superior to himself. And this makes us to think (otherwise) as to who actually acted as Allah in Quran? However, in his explanation of why the Qur’an swears by the moon in Surah 74:32, “Nay, verily by the Moon,” Yusuf Alli comments, “The moon was worshipped as adeity in times of darkness”(fn. 5798, pg. 1644). Perhaps, this swearing of Allah was due to the usual/cultural habits of worshipping moon as their God in pagan customs.

 

(B) Yousuf Ali stated (Page-1921-1623 of his English Translation of Holy Quran):

 

“Moon-worship was equally popular in various forms………Apollo and Diana—the twin brother and sister, representing the sun and moon. …in the Vedic religion of India the moon god was Soma, the lord of the planets…….moon was male divinity in ancient India. Moon was also male divinity in ancient Semitic religion, and the Arabic word for the moon “qamar’ is of the masculine gender, on the other hand, the Arabic word for sun “shams” is feminine gender. The pagan Arabs evidently looked upon the sun as a goddess and the moon as a God.

 

The Pagan deities best known in the Ka’ba and round about Mecca were Lat, Uzza, and Manat.…the 360 idols established by the Pagans in the Ka’ba probably represented the 360 days of an inaccurate solar year. This was the actual modern pagan worship as known to the Quraish contemporary with our prophet”

 

(C) Influence of Moon in Islam:

 

Who can deny the paramount influences of moon in Muslim’s life? In Islam, moon is considered holiest astronomical object, and moon is the guiding light of all Islamic rituals/festivals. Contradictions and conflicts are very common with the dates of Eids and Ramadan and obviously it is a chronic problem and moon is the nucleus of this problem. Crescent moon and stars are the symbolic sign in the national flags of many Muslim countries, and it is present over the Mosques, in the Muslim graveyard etc.  

 

Prophet Muhammad compromised to Pagans to establish Islam in Arabia:

 

Prophet Muhammad did his clever tactics of adapting many rites of paganism into Islam, in order to accommodate Islam among the pagan Arabs. He made lots of political pacts with the Pagan Leaders such as Abu Suffian to accommodate his new idea of religion and he agreed to incorporate many of the Pagan rituals in Islam. Prophet Muhammad asked the pagans to worship only the “Allah” the largest God,

And destroy the idols of all other gods and goddesses that existed in Kabah. To establish oneness (monotheist) of God, he repeatedly asked them not to make any partners to Allah (That is why we can find hundreds of Quranic verses “asking not to make any partners to Allah)Finally, the Prophet was able to convince (by force of course) the pagans to destroy all idols, and on return (he) agreed (perhaps) to keep the “Names” of the goddess of most famous Pagan tribes as the alternative names of Allah—hence Islam has 99 NAMES of Allah.

 

Prophet Muhammad did command his followers to participate in these pagan ceremonies while the pagans were still in control of Mecca. (Please See Yusuf Ali, fn. 214, pg. 78). ... “the whole of the [pagan] pilgrimage was spiritualized in Islam...” (Yusuf Ali: fn. 223 pg. 80).  In the Tafsir (of Quran-2:200) maoulana Yousuf Ali stated:  “After Pilgrimage, in Pagan times, the pilgrims used to gather in assemblies in which the praises of ancestors were sung. As the whole of the pilgrimage rites were spiritualized in Islamso this aftermath of the Pilgrimage was also spiritualized. It was recommended for pilgrims to stay on two or three days after the pilgrimage, but they must use them in prayer and praise to God.(#223 of Shane’nazul by Maoulana Yousuf Ali, page-81)

 

In Islam many rituals performed (today) by devoted Muslims in the name of Allah are connected to the pagan worship that existed before Islam. Pagans practices of the Pilgrimage of Kabah once a year--the Fast of Ramadan, running around the Kabah seven times, kissing the black stone, shaving the head, animal sacrifices, running up and down two hills, throwing stones at the devil, snorting water in and out the nose, praying several times a day toward Mecca, giving alms, Friday prayers, etc. are strictly followed by Muslims today. Nobody can deny the fact that, all the above rituals of Muslim’s hajj today—existed well before the arrival of Islam.

 

It is highly plausible to consider the fact that by incorporating much of the Pagan’s rituals in new religion Islam—Prophet successfully reduced the pagan-risk and it was perhaps one of the most important milestone-attempts to conquer the minds of Pagans resulting in massive breakdown of the Pagans’ moral and support to oppose Islam. 

The central shrine at Mekka was the Pagan’s Kaaba (called House of Allah), a cube like stone structure which still stands though many times rebuilt. Imbedded in one corner is the black stone, probably a meteorite, the kissing of which is now an essential part of the Muslim’s pilgrimage.

 

It is the historical fact that the Ka’aba, the sacred shrine which contains the Black Stone, in Mecca was used for pagan idol worship before Islam and even called the House of Allah at that time. The name of the God whom the Arabs worshipped was the god of pantheon—Ali-ilah the god, the supreme, the predeterminer of everybody’s life or destiny—the chief God “Allah”

 

Who did not read the story of BLACK STONE which was very sacred (povitra) to all various tribes of Quraish. When one day this sacred stone was needed to transfer from one place to another, there was a quarrel amongst the various tribes, as to who will carry that sacred stone? Then most intelligent and righteous young boy Muhammad (was not a prophet then) invented the solution of this serious problem. He (Muhammad) put this sacred stone over a Chaddor (piece of cloth) and asked one representative from each tribe to hold the Chaddor and carry the stone. I narrated this story briefly just to prove that—black stone did exist long before Islam was invented.

In summary, it has been truthfully and logically proven with all possible available circumstantial evidences/rational that, Islam was not a new religion but it is a reformed paganism. I believe thatall these monotheistic religions have more or less similar origins. This idea of monotheistic religion was not a brand new invention. Monotheistic thought was declared by Ancient Pharaoh Kings, Mesopotamia’s king Hamarubi (3000 B.C.), and Alexander the Great (300 B.C.). Differences were, these kings demanded that they themselves were the God whom everybody should worship.

 

References:

 

1.        The Holy Qur’an, Translated by A. Yousuf Ali, Published by Amana Corporation, Brentwood, Maryland, 1983

2.        Buchari Sharif, Bengali Translation by Maulana Muhammad Mustafizur Rahman, Sulemani Printers and Publishers, Dhaka, Second edition-1999

3.        A History of the Arab peoples, by Albert Hourani, the Belknap press of Harvard University press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1991

4.  Dr. Robert Morey, 1996 Research and Education Foundation.

5. Gilchrist, The Temple, The Ka’aba, and the Christ (Benoni, South Africa, 1980), p. 16.

6. G. J. O. Moshay, Who Is This Allah?, (Dorchester House, Bucks, UK, 1994), pg. 138

7. Ibn Warraq, Why I Am Not A Muslim, (Prometheus, Amherst, 1995) p. 42.

 

8.  Encyclopedia of Islam, eds. Lewis, Menage, Pellat, Schacht (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1971, II:1093.)

9. Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (ed. Hastings), I:326.

 

10.The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology, Arthur Cotterell and Rachel Storm, Lorenz Books, New York 10011, Anness Publishing Limited 1999

11. Roots of the Western Tradition, (a short history of ancient world) by C.Warren Hollister, Library of congress cataloging-in-publication data, 6th edition, 1

 

Syed_mirza@hotmail.com 



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Allah, the moon god of the Kaba:

There are a number of scholars who believe that Allah, was originally the name of the moon god of Northern Arabia. It is important to remember that the word "Allah" simply means "the god" and corresponds to "ho theos" in the Greek New Testament as "the God" which refers to the Father in John 1:1 and the Son in John 20:28 and Heb 1:8. What is interesting is that Hubal was the top pagan moon god of the Kabah. So Allah is the generic and Hubal, may have been the actual name, in the same way that "the God" is generic and "Jehovah" is the name. The Arabs may have referred to "Hubal" as "Allah", just like Jews would refer to "Jehovah" as "The God".

  1. "Allah, the Supreme Being of the Mussulmans: Before Islam. That the Arabs, before the time of Muhammed, accepted and worshipped, after a fashion, a supreme god called Allah,--"the Ilah, or the god, if the form is of genuine Arabic source; if of Aramaic, from Alaha, "the god"—seems absolutely certain. Whether he was an abstraction or a development from some individual god, such as Hubal, need not here be considered...But they also recognized and tended to worship more fervently and directly other strictly subordinate gods...It is certain that they regarded particular deities (mentioned in 1iii. 19-20 are al-'Uzza, Manat or Manah, al-Lat'; some have interpreted vii, 179 as a reference to a perversion of Allah to Allat as daughters of Allah (vi. 100; xvi, 59; xxxvii, 149; 1iii, 21); they also asserted that he had sons (vi. 100)..."There was no god save Allah". This meant, for Muhammed and the Meccans, that of all the gods whom they worshipped, Allah was the only real deity. It took no account of the nature of God in the abstract, only of the personal position of Allah. ...ilah, the common noun from which Allah is probably derived..." (First Encyclopedia of Islam, E.J. Brill, 1987, Islam, p. 302)
  2. Allah. Islamic name for God. Is derived from Semitic El, and [Allah] originally applied to the Moon; he [Allah] seems to have been preceded by Ilmaqah, the Moon-god. Allat is the female counterpart of Allah. (Everyman's Dictionary of Non-Classical Mythology, Egerton Sykes, Godspeed, Allah)
  3. The Bedouin's astral beliefs centred upon the moon, in whose light he grazed his flocks. Moon-worship implies a pastoral society, whereas sun-worship represents a later agricultural stage. In our own day the Moslem Ruwalah Bedouins imagine that their life is regulated by the moon, which condenses the water vapours, distils the beneficent dew on the pasture and makes possible the growth of plants. On the other hand the sun, as they believe, would like to destroy the Bedouins as well as all animal and plant life. (History Of The Arabs, Philip K. Hitti, 1937, p 96-101)
  1. There are stories in the Sira of pagan Meccan praying to Allah while standing beside the image of Hubal. (Muhammad's Mecca, W. Montgomery Watt, Chapter 3: Religion In Pre-Islamic Arabia, p26-45)
  2. "The relation of this name, which in Babylonia and Assyrian became a generic term simply meaning 'god', to the Arabian Ilah familiar to us in the form Allah, which is compounded of al, the definite article, and Ilah by eliding the vowel 'i', is not clear. Some scholars trace the name to the South Arabian Ilah, a title of the Moon god, but this is a matter of antiquarian interest" (Islam, Alfred Guillaume, 1956, p 6-7)
  3. "The first pre-Islamic inscription discovered in Dhofar Province, Oman, this bronze plaque, deciphered by Dr. Albert Jamme, dates from about the second century A.D. and gives the name of the Hadramaut moon good Sin and the name Sumhuram, a long-lost city....The moon was the chief deity of all the early South Arabian kingdoms—particularly fitting in that region where the soft light of the moon brought the rest and cool winds of night as a relief from the blinding sun and scorching heat of day. In contrast to most of the old religions with which we are familiar, the moon god is male, while the sun god is his consort, a female. The third god of importance is their child, the male morning star, which we know as the planet Venus...The spice route riches brought them a standard of luxurious living inconceivable to the poverty-stricken South Arabian Bedouins of today. Like nearly all Semitic peoples they worshipped the moon, the sun, and the morning star. The chief god, the moon, was a male deity symbolized by the bull, and we found many carved bulls' heads, with drains for the blood of sacrificed animals." (Qataban and Sheba, Wendell Phillips, 1955, p. 227)
  4. "...a people of Arabia, of the race of the Joktanites...the Alilai living near the Red Sea in a district where gold is found; their name, children of the moon, so called from the worship of the moon, or Alilat." (Gesenius Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures, translated by Samuel Prideaux Tregelles, 1979, p. 367)
  5. Allat, according to recent study of the complicated inspirational evidence, is believed to have been introduced into Arabia from Syria, and to have been the moon goddess of North Arabia. If this is the correct interpretation of her character, she corresponded to the moon deity of South Arabia, Almaqah, `Vadd, `Amm or Sin as he was called, the difference being only the oppositeness of gender. Mount Sinai (the name being an Arabic feminine form of Sin) would then have been one of the centers of the worship of this northern moon goddess. Similarly, al-`Uzza is supposed to have come from Sinai, and to have been the goddess of the planet Venus. As the moon and the evening star are associated in the heavens, so too were Allat and al-`Uzza together in religious belief, and so too are the crescent and star conjoined on the flags of Arab countries today. (The Archeology Of World Religions, Jack Finegan, 1952, p482-485, 492)  http://www.bible.ca/islam/islam-moon-god-allah.htm


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நல்ல பதிவு. பல நாளாக எழுத நினைத்து விட்டதை சிறுபதிலாகவும் பின் முழு பதிவாக போட உள்ளேன்.

எபிரேய மொழி யூத மதத்தின் பழைய ஏற்பாட்டில் இறைவன் பெயர் என்பதில் மிக முக்கியமானவை, எல்சடை, எல்லோ ஹிம் மற்றும் YHWH.

பைபிளியல் ஆயவாளர்கள் கூறும் உண்மை- மேலே உள்ள ஒரு சொல்லுக்குக் கூட உண்மையான பொருள் - வேர்சொல் தெரியாது, இவை ஊகத்தில் தான் தரப்படுகிறது.

எல் எனும் சொல் அனைத்து செமித்திய மொழிகளிலும் சிறு மாற்றத்தோடு பயன் படுகிறது.

இல், இலு, எல், அல் என- எம்மொழியென்பதோ நேர்மையான பொருளொ தெரியாது. 


பழைய ஏற்பாட்டில் -எல்சடை 35 முறை, எல்லோஹிம்௨500 முறை YHWH- 6500 முறை சொல்லப்படுகிறது.

எல்லோஹிம்- என்பது பன்மைச் சொல், செமித்திய மொழியில் பல அடிப்படையில் சமஸ்க்ருத மொழி இலக்கணத்தை பின் பற்றும். 
ஹி என்பது பெண்பால் விகுதி. 
எல் என்பது செமித்திய மொழியின் வேரில் இல்லை, தமிழ் மூலம் எனவும் ,எல் என்பது எல்லை இல்லாதவன், எழும்புதல் இல்லாதவன் எனவும் பொருள் படும்படியானது என்பர் தமிழ் அறிஞர்கள்.

எல்லோஹிம்- என்பது பன்மையில் அம்மையப்பர் எனக் குறிக்கும். எல்லோஹிம்- என்பது எபிரேயத்திலுர்ந்து அரபி சென்ற போது அல் அஹ்தும் என்றும் அல்லாஹ் என்றும் ஆனது. இதன் பொருள் அம்மையப்பர் ஆகும்.

அதே போல YHWH என பழைய ஏற்பாட்டில் உள்ள சொல்லை, 10 கற்பனைகளில் ஒன்றான என் பெயரை வீணில் சொல்லவேண்ட என்னும் கற்பனை சொல்லும் மூட நம்பிக்கையால், எஜமானரே என்னும் பொருள் படும் அடனாய்(Adanoi) எனப் படிப்பர்.

கிறிஸ்துவ மொழி பெயர்ப்பாளர்கள் சூழ்ச்சியில் YHWH போய் அடனாய் என்பதை வைத்து ஆங்கிலத்தில் லார்ட்-LORD எனவும் தமிழில் கர்த்தர் என்று மொழி பெயர்ப்பது பெரும் பித்தலாட்டம்.
YHWH என்பதற்கான மூல எபிரேய எழுத்துக்கழை சற்றே மாற்றீ அடுக்கினால் சிவலிங்கம் வரும், அப்பெயரின் ரகசியமே அது என்பார்- தியசாபிகல் சொசைட்டி நிறுவனர் ப்ளவட்ஸ்கி தன் நூலில் The Secret Doctrine.

தேவப்ரியா சாலமன்

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    வாருங்கள் தேவப்ரியா சாலமன் அவர்களே,
    உங்கள் பின்னூட்டம் மிகவும் அருமை. இந்த பின்னூட்டம் என்னுடைய முந்தைய சிந்தனைக்கு உரமாக அமையும் என்று சொன்னால் அது மிகையாகாது. 
    நீங்கள் கூறிய விளக்கங்களுடன் நான் ஒரு பதிவை வெளியிடுகிறேன். தொடர்ந்து உங்களது கருத்தை தாருங்கள். நீங்கள் ஏற்க்கனவே இது பற்றி எழுதியிருந்தாலும் அதையும் தாருங்கள்.
    தங்கள் வருகைக்கும் தக்க நேரத்தில் சிறந்த உண்மையை கூறியமைக்கும் மிக்க நன்றி :)

     



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ஆபிரகாம் இந்துவா, சிவபக்தரா?

http://kelviyumnaaneypathilumnaaney.blogspot.in/2012/03/blog-post_30.html

இசுலாமியர்கள் தினமும் வணங்குவது சிவனையா?

http://kelviyumnaaneypathilumnaaney.blogspot.in/2012/03/blog-post_23.html



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Prophets of Allah (peace be upon them all)

 By April (UmmAdam)please forgive me for any mistakesastaghfirullah

 http://prophetsofallah.tripod.com/prophets/id4.html

Sources:            From Adam to Muhammad by Abdur Rehman Shad (Kazi Publications, Lahore

has Quran references but no hadith references

  Usborne Encyclopedia of World History

 Prophet Tree Poster in Arabic with age/date refs from Kitab Al Aqidah Ila Salamiyat by Sheikh Abdurrahman Habnakah 

 

Prophet

Date

Age

Location

Notes

1

Adam

 

950-1000 years old

 

 

2

Sheth

 

912 years old

 

 

3

Idris/Enoch

 

83 years old

Migrated to Egypt

 

4

Nuh/Noah

3900bce-2900bce

15,000bce-8000bce

950 years old

Iraq

 

5

Hud

2500bce-2200bce

150 years old

South Arabia

sent to Bani 'Ad ('Ad are descendents of Sam)

grave is in Hadramut in Yemen

6

Salih

2000bce-1900bce

58 years old

Wadi al Qura & al Hajr between Syria and Hijaz

sent to Bani Thamud (Thamud is grandson of Sam)

7

Lut/Lot

1861bce-1687bce

175 years old

lived in Ur, Mesopotamia

died in Palestine & buried at Bani Naima near Hebron

(nephew of Ibrahim)

8

Ibrahim/Abraham

1761bce-1686bce

1950bce

175 years old

175 years old

Mesopotamiamigrated to Palestinemigration to Meccaburied in Hebron

 


    

 

10

Ishaq/Isaac

1761bce-1581bce

178-180 years old

180 years old

died in Hebron

 

11

Ya'qub/Jacob

1800bce-1653bce

1900bce

147 years old

140 years old

 

born in Canaan (Palestine) and settled in Egypt

buried in Hebron

 

 

12

Yusuf/Joseph

1610bce-1500bce

1600bce

110 years old

was a slave in Egypt

 

13

Shuaib

1600bce-1500bce?

 

Northern Arabiasettled in Hadramautburied in Shaban near Valley of Ibn Ali

sent to the descendents of Midian

14

Musa/Moses

1436bce-1316bce

1250bce

120 years old

born in Egypt, flee to Midian, back to Egypt, emigrated to Palestine

 

15

Harun

1439bce-1317bce

122 years old

Jerusalem

rules Jerusalem after rule of Goliath


     


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16

Dawud/David

1043bce-973bce

1043bce-973bce

70 years old

70 years old

Buried in Jerusalem

 

17

Sulayman/Solomon

985bce-932bce

985bce-932bce

53 years old

89 years old

Born in Jerusalem

Rules Jerusalem

18

Ilyas

approx. 700bce

 

Israel

lived in the time of King Ahab

19

Al Yasa/Elisha

 

 

preached in Yariha

was son of Ukhtub

20

'Aziz (Ubair or Ezra)

about 600 bce          

 

Jerusalem, died at Sairabad near Iraq

lived in the time of Nebuchadnessar

21

Ayyub (Job)

 

96 years old

NE Palestine

 

22

Dhul-Kifl (Ezekiel)

about 587bce

75 years old

lived in Jerusalem, emigrated to Babylon

 

23

Yunus (Jonah)

 

 

Lived/died in Ninevah on Tigris in Assyria

Son of Mitta

24

Zakariya

100bce-20bce

120 years old

Palestine

patron of Maryam Um 'Isa

25

Yahya/John the Baptist

0bce

 

Palestine

time of Roman Herod Antipas

26

'Isa/Jesus

33bce-1ce

33 years old

Palestine

 

27

Muhammad

571ce-636ce

63 years old

Saudi Arabia

  



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தங்கள் நோக்கம் புரியவில்லை,

 

பைபிளின்படி ஆபிராம் என்றவன் தன் ஊரிலிருந்து வெளியேறி இஸ்ரேல் வருவதாகக் கதை.

 

இதை ஆராய்ந்த தியசாபிகல் சொசைட்டி நிறுவனர் ப்ளவட்ஸ்கி தன் The Secret Doctrine. நூலில், பக்கத்கில் உள்ள பல நாடுகளில்

உள்ள புராணக்கதைகளை எல்லம் ஆராய்ந்து சொன்னது

ஆபிராம் என்ற போது இறைவனோடு தொடருப் கொண்டவன். பிரம்மத்தோடு உள்ளவன். கடவுளிடமிருந்து விலகியபின் அவர் ஆபிரஹாம்- பிரம்மத்திலிருந்து விலகியவர்.

தேவப்ரியா சாலமன்



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சகோ புரட்சி மணி,

அருமையான் பதிவு.எனினும் இஸ்லாமுக்கு முந்தைய அரேபியா & மனிதர்களின் நாகரிகம பற்றி ஒழுங்கான தக்வல்கள் நம்மிடம் இல்லை.இருப்பது எல்லாம் அவர்களை வெற்றி கொண்ட திரு முகமது கால்த்து தகவல்களே.அதிலேயே உங்களால் அவர்கள் சொல்லும் விடயங்களுக்கு எதிராக காட்ட முடிவதை அவர்கள் தவிர அனைவரும் அறிய முடிகிறது.

வர்லாறு வெற்றி பெற்றவ்ர்களால் எழுதப்படுகிற‌து.பாகிஸ்தான் நாட்டு வரலாற்று புத்தகங்களில் அங்கு இசுலாம வருவதற்கு முன் காட்டுமிராண்டிகள் போல் வாழ்ந்தனர் என்றே சித்தரிக்கிறார்கள். 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_textbooks_controversy

அப்போது அவர்களின் எதிரிகளை எப்படி சித்தரிப்பார்கள் என்பதை புரிவது கடினம் அல்ல.

நாம் நாகரிகம் கருதி பல விடயங்களை ஆதாரம் காட்ட முடியும் என்றாலும் தவிர்க்கிறோம்.ஆனால் அவர்கள் பிற மதங்களை ,இறை மறுப்பாளர்களை விமர்சிக்கும் போது காட்டுவது இல்லை.

இந்த வஹாபிகளின் விள்க்கம் இப்படித்தான் இருக்கும் 

1.மதத்தில் இருக்கு கெட்ட விடயங்கள் எல்லாம் காட்டரபி செய்த விடயம்.
[எ.கா அடிமை விடய்ம்,பல் தரமணம்........]

2.நல்ல விடயம் எல்லாம் இஸ்லாம் மட்டும் கொண்டு வந்தது.

தமிழ் பதிவுலகில் இஸ்லாம விமர்சிக்கப்படுவதற்கு காரணம் இந்த வாஹாபிய கொள்கையாக்க பிரச்சாரம் மட்டுமே என்பதில் நமக்கு ஐயமில்லை.ஆகவே வாஹாபியியம் என்பது இஸ்லாமியக் கடலின் ஒரு பகுதி. .சூஃபிக்களுடனோ ,ஷியா,அகம்தியா பிரிவினர் இப்படி பிற மதங்களை& நாத்திகர்களை விமர்சிக்காமல் நாகரிகம் காப்பதால் வஹாபிகளின் வினைகளுக்கு மட்டுமே எதிர்வினை ஆற்றுகிறோம் என்பதை வலியுறுத்துவது நல்லது.

வஹாபிகளின் தந்திரமே அவர்கள் மட்டுமே இஸ்லாம் என்ற போர்வையில் ஒளிவது.இவர்களின் வினைகளுக்கு எதிர்வினைகளை அனைத்து இஸ்லாமியர்களுக்கும் எதிராக காட்டுவது.

எனினும் பதிவு அருமை.

நன்றி



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Allah - the Moon God, The Archeology of The Middle East

No Image

By Jeshua Network Communication

The religion of Islam has as its focus of worship a deity by the name of "Allah." The Muslims claim that Allah in pre-Islamic times was the biblical God of the Patriarchs, prophets, and apostles. The issue is thus one of continuity. Was "Allah" the biblical God or a pagan god in Arabia during pre-Islamic times? The Muslim's claim of continuity is essential to their attempt to convert Jews and Christians for if "Allah" is part of the flow of divine revelation in Scripture, then it is the next step in biblical religion. Thus we should all become Muslims. But, on the other hand, if Allah was a pre-Islamic pagan deity, then its core claim is refuted. Religious claims often fall before the results of hard sciences such as archeology. We can endlessly speculate about the past or go and dig it up and see what the evidence reveals. This is the only way to find out the truth concerning the origins of Allah. As we shall see, the hard evidence demonstrates that the god Allah was a pagan deity. In fact, he was the Moon-god who was married to the sun goddess and the stars were his daughters. See The reader must know that Ismael was a Hebrew. Archaeologists have uncovered temples to the Moon-god throughout the Middle East. From the mountains of Turkey to the banks of the Nile, the most wide-spread religion of the ancient world was the worship of the Moon-god. In the first literate civilization, the Sumerians have left us thousands of clay tablets in which they described their religious beliefs. As demonstrated by Sjoberg and Hall, the ancient Sumerians worshipped a Moon-god who was called many different names. The most popular names were Nanna, Suen and Asimbabbar. His symbol was the crescent moon. Given the amount of artifacts concerning the worship of this Moon-god, it is clear that this was the dominant religion in Sumeria. The cult of the Moon-god was the most popular religion throughout ancient Mesopotamia. The Assyrians, Babylonians, and the Akkadians took the word Suen and transformed it into the word Sin as their favorite name for the Moon-god. As Prof. Potts pointed out, "Sin is a name essentially Sumerian in origin which had been borrowed by the Semites." In ancient Syria and Canna, the Moon-god Sin was usually represented by the moon in its crescent phase. At times the full moon was placed inside the crescent moon to emphasize all the phases of the moon. The sun-goddess was the wife of Sin and the stars were their daughters. For example, Istar was a daughter of Sin. Sacrifices to the Moon-god are described in the Pas Shamra texts. In the Ugaritic texts, the Moon-god was sometimes called Kusuh. In Persia, as well as in Egypt, the Moon-god is depicted on wall murals and on the heads of statues. He was the Judge of men and gods. The Old Testament constantly rebuked the worship of the Moon-god (see: Deut. 4:19;17:3; II Kngs. 21:3,5; 23:5; Jer. 8:2; 19:13; Zeph. 1:5, etc.) When Israel fell into idolatry, it was usually the cult of the Moon-god. As a matter of fact, everywhere in the ancient world, the symbol of the crescent moon can be found on seal impressions, steles, pottery, amulets, clay tablets, cylinders, weights, earrings, necklaces, wall murals, etc. In Tell-el-Obeid, a copper calf was found with a crescent moon on its forehead. An idol with the body of a bull and the head of man has a crescent moon inlaid on its forehead with shells. In Ur, the Stela of Ur-Nammu has the crescent symbol placed at the top of the register of gods because the Moon-god was the head of the gods. Even bread was baked in the form of a crescent as an act of devotion to the Moon-god. The Ur of the Chaldees was so devoted to the Moon-god that it was sometimes called Nannar in tablets from that time period. A temple of the Moon-god has been excavated in Ur by Sir Leonard Woolley. He dug up many examples of moon worship in Ur and these are displayed in the British Museum to this day. Harran was likewise noted for its devotion to the Moon-god. In the 1950's a major temple to the Moon-god was excavated at Hazer in Palestine. Two idols of the moon god were found. Each was a stature of a man sitting upon a throne with a crescent moon carved on his chest . The accompanying inscriptions make it clear that these were idols of the Moon-god. Several smaller statues were also found which were identified by their inscriptions as the "daughters" of the Moon-god. What about Arabia? As pointed out by Prof. Coon, "Muslims are notoriously loath to preserve traditions of earlier paganism and like to garble what pre-Islamic history they permit to survive in anachronistic terms." During the nineteenth century, Amaud, Halevy and Glaser went to Southern Arabia and dug up thousands of Sabean, Minaean, and Qatabanian inscriptions which were subsequently translated. In the 1940's, the archeologists G. Caton Thompson and Carleton S. Coon made some amazing discoveries in Arabia. During the 1950's, Wendell Phillips, W.F. Albright, Richard Bower and others excavated sites at Qataban, Timna, and Marib (the ancient capital of Sheba). Thousands of inscriptions from walls and rocks in Northern Arabia have also been collected. Reliefs and votive bowls used in worship of the "daughters of Allah" have also been discovered. The three daughters, al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat are sometimes depicted together with Allah the Moon-god represented by a crescent moon above them. The archeological evidence demonstrates that the dominant religion of Arabia was the cult of the Moon-god.In Old Testament times, Nabonidus (555-539 BC), the last king of Babylon, built Tayma, Arabia as a center of Moon-god worship. Segall stated, "South Arabia's stellar religion has always been dominated by the Moon-god in various variations." Many scholars have also noticed that the Moon-god's name "Sin" is a part of such Arabic words as "Sinai," the "wilderness of Sin," etc. When the popularity of the Moon-god waned elsewhere, the Arabs remained true to their conviction that the Moon-god was the greatest of all gods. While they worshipped 360 gods at the Kabah in Mecca, the Moon-god was the chief deity. Mecca was in fact built as a shrine for the Moon-god.This is what made it the most sacred site of Arabian paganism. In 1944, G. Caton Thompson revealed in her book, The Tombs and Moon Temple of Hureidha, that she had uncovered a temple of the Moon-god in southern Arabia. The symbols of the crescent moon and no less than twenty-one inscriptions with the name Sin were found in this temple. An idol which may be the Moon-god himself was also discovered. This was later confirmed by other well-known archeologists. The evidence reveals that the temple of the Moon-god was active even in the Christian era. Evidence gathered from both North and South Arabia demonstrate that Moon-god worship was clearly active even in Muhammad's day and was still the dominant cult. According to numerous inscriptions, while the name of the Moon-god was Sin, his title was al-ilah, i.e. "the deity," meaning that he was the chief or high god among the gods. As Coon pointed out, "The god Il or Ilah was originally a phase of the Moon God." The Moon-god was called al-ilah, i.e. the god, which was shortened to Allah in pre-Islamic times. The pagan Arabs even used Allah in the names they gave to their children. For example, both Muhammad's father and uncle had Allah as part of their names.The fact that they were given such names by their pagan parents proves that Allah was the title for the Moon-god even in Muhammad's day. Prof. Coon goes on to say, "Similarly, under Mohammed's tutelage, the relatively anonymous Ilah, became Al-Ilah, The God, or Allah, the Supreme Being." This fact answers the questions, "Why is Allah never defined in the Qur'an? Why did Muhammad assume that the pagan Arabs already knew who Allah was?" Muhammad was raised in the religion of the Moon-god Allah. But he went one step further than his fellow pagan Arabs. While they believed that Allah, i.e. the Moon-god, was the greatest of all gods and the supreme deity in a pantheon of deities, Muhammad decided that Allah was not only the greatest god but the only god.In effect he said, "Look, you already believe that the Moon-god Allah is the greatest of all gods. All I want you to do is to accept that the idea that he is the only god. I am not taking away the Allah you already worship. I am only taking away his wife and his daughters and all the other gods." This is seen from the fact that the first point of the Muslim creed is not, "Allah is great" but "Allah is the greatest," i.e., he is the greatest among the gods. Why would Muhammad say that Allah is the "greatest" except in a polytheistic context? The Arabic word is used to contrast the greater from the lesser. That this is true is seen from the fact that the pagan Arabs never accused Muhammad of preaching a different Allah than the one they already worshipped. This "Allah" was the Moon-god according to the archeological evidence. Muhammad thus attempted to have it both ways. To the pagans, he said that he still believed in the Moon-god Allah. To the Jews and the Christians, he said that Allah was their God too. But both the Jews and the Christians knew better and that is why they rejected his god Allah as a false god. Al-Kindi, one of the early Christian apologists against Islam, pointed out that Islam and its god Allah did not come from the Bible but from the paganism of the Sabeans. They did not worship the God of the Bible but the Moon-god and his daughters al-Uzza, al-Lat and Manat. Dr. Newman concludes his study of the early Christian-Muslim debates by stating, "Islam proved itself to be...a separate and antagonistic religion which had sprung up from idolatry." Islamic scholar Caesar Farah concluded "There is no reason, therefore, to accept the idea that Allah passed to the Muslims from the Christians and Jews." The Arabs worshipped the Moon-god as a supreme deity. But this was not biblical monotheism. While the Moon-god was greater than all other gods and goddesses, this was still a polytheistic pantheon of deities. Now that we have the actual idols of the Moon-god, it is no longer possible to avoid the fact that Allah was a pagan god in pre-Islamic times. Is it any wonder then that the symbol of Islam is the crescent moon? That a crescent moon sits on top of their mosques and minarets? That a crescent moon is found on the flags of Islamic nations? That the Muslims fast during the month which begins and ends with the appearance of the crescent moon in the sky? CONCLUSIONThe pagan Arabs worshipped the Moon-god Allah by praying toward Mecca several times a day; making a pilgrimage to Mecca; running around the temple of the Moon-god called the Kabah; kissing the black stone; killing an animal in sacrifice to the Moon-god; throwing stones at the devil; fasting for the month which begins and ends with the crescent moon; giving alms to the poor, etc.The Muslim's claim that Allah is the God of the Bible and that Islam arose from the religion of the prophets and apostles is refuted by solid, overwhelming archeological evidence. Islam is nothing more than a revival of the ancient Moon-god cult. It has taken the symbols, the rites, the ceremonies, and even the name of its god from the ancient pagan religion of the Moon-god. As such, it is sheer idolatry and must be rejected by all those who follow the Torah and Gospel.

moongod.htm Yeshua Communications Network.Copyright 1997-8, All Rights Reserved.http://www.yeshua.co.uk

http://www.pakistanchristianpost.com/featuredetails.php?sfid=52

 



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ஒவ்வொரு தூதரையும் அவருடைய சமூகத்தாருக்கு அவர் விளக்கிக் கூறுவதற்காக அவர்களுடைய மொழியிலேயே (போதிக்கும் படி) நாம் அனுப்பிவைத்தோம்; அல்லாஹ் தான் நாடியோரை வழிதவறச் செய்கின்றான், தான் நாடியோருக்கு நேர்வழியையும் காண்பிக்கின்றான்; அவன் மிகைத்தவனாகவும் ஞானமுடையவனாகவும் இருக்கின்றான். அல்குர்ஆன் 14:4.



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